Borda Count Method
This article provides a practical explanation of the Borda Count Method. After reading, you'll understand the basics of this powerful decision-making tool.
What Is the Borda Count Method?
The Borda Count Method is a simple tool that is used in elections and decision-making in various contemporary situations. Each candidate is given a number of points, and once all votes have been counted, the option with the most points is considered the best, and therefore the winner.
The Borda Count Method is intended to be able to choose different options and candidates, rather than the option that is preferred by the majority. For this reason, it is also described as a consensus-based voting system. The opposite of this is a majority system.
The Borda Count Method has been developed in many different time periods, each time independent of the previous period. For instance, the calculation tool was first developed by Ramon Lulll in the thirteenth century.
However, it was the French mathematician and marine engineer Jean-Charles de Borda after whom the tool was named.
He devised the system in 1770. Nowadays, the system is still being used as a voting system to elect members of parliament in Nauru. The Borda Count Method is also actively used in Slovenia. Outside parliament settings, the tool is also used by various organisations and competition organisers worldwide.
Calculation Example Borda Count Method
In the Borda Count Method, points are given to each choice based on ranking. For example, the lowest rank gets 1 point, and each consecutive spot on the list gets an extra point. If there are four options, the top rank is therefore awarded with 4 points. Mathematically, the first rank gets N points, the second N-1, the third N-2, and the fourth N-3, etc.
Here's a calculation example. A group of 100 astrophysicists comes together for an annual conference. They live across the European continent, close to the cities Budapest, Amsterdam, Oslo, and Seville. To determine where the conference will be held, they decide to use the Borda Count Method to vote on the most suitable location.
The results of the vote are shown in the table below.
The 100 ballots are collected, and counting commences. In the table above, we see that 53 ballots have Amsterdam as the preferred city. Amsterdam therefore receives N points (4). Amsterdam is followed by Oslo (N-1), Budapest (N-2) and Seville (N-3).
Example Calculation Solution
If the rules explained above ar...
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