× Close
Home » Posts tagged "Social Psychology"

Social Psychology

What is Social Psychology?
Social Psychology is a branch of psychology that mainly focuses on understanding human feelings, behaviors, and thoughts in the presence of others. While clinical psychology focuses on mental disorders and their treatment, it focuses on the functioning of social groups, social status, influences of culture and other processes involving two or more people. Although the term can be understood to include laboratory animals and wildlife, social psychology is purely about human social behavior.

What is Social Psychology?
Social Psychology is a branch of psychology that mainly focuses on understanding human feelings, behaviors, and thoughts in the presence of others. While clinical psychology focuses on mental disorders and their treatment, it focuses on the functioning of social groups, social status, influences of culture and other processes involving two or more people. Although the term can be understood to include laboratory animals and wildlife, social psychology is purely about human social behavior.

This kind of psychology has become an active form of empirical research over the years. The amount of research literature increased rapidly after 1925. The main theories and methods are mentioned below.

Related topics to Social Psychology

Social psychology covers a wide variety of topics, such as:

  • Group behavior (group dynamics by Kormanski & Mozenter)
  • Group development (group dynamics model by Bruce Tuckman)
  • Leadership
  • Non-verbal behavior
  • Aggression
  • Bias
  • Conformity
  • Social perception

Social Psychology Definition

Social psychology is defined as the scientific study of how thoughts, behaviors, and feelings are affected by the actual, imagined, or implied presence of other people.

Social psychologists explain human behavior as a result of the relationship between mental state and social situations. They study the circumstances and how these variables can influence social interactions.

Researchers conduct empirical studies to answer very specific questions, such as:

  • How do people change their thoughts and decisions based on contact with others?
  • Is human behavior an indication of personality? If so, how exactly?
  • How goal-oriented is modification based on group-behavior?
  • How does the social perception of people influence behavior?
  • How do destructive attitudes, such as prejudices, arise?

Examples of Social Psychology

This type of Psychology focuses on the individual in relation to others. A group is usually two or more individuals connected by social relationships. Groups tend to interact and influence each other to form a common identity.

Groups are important not only because the members in the group provide each other with social support, or resources, but also because they complement the self-image of the individual. People largely define themselves based on the group they are part of. This shared social identity influences intra-group behavior.

Social psychologists investigate precisely these things: group-related phenomena such as group behavior. An important concept that has been developed for this purpose is de-individualization. This is a reduced state of self-awareness caused by feelings of anonymity in groups. The phenomenon often occurs in crowds and groups, but can also occur due to alcohol, poor environments, online anonymity, or a uniform/disguise.

William Shakespeare on Social Psychology

One of the earliest known examples of social psychology is a complex play by William Shakespeare, Hamlet. In this play, the beleaguered prince of Denmark explains why he sees his native country as a prison rather than a paradise: ‘Why, then, ’tis none to you, for there is nothing either good or bad, but thinking makes it so. To me it is a prison.’

This portrays very accurately what social psychology is concerned with. Is it a trick of the mind? Or is it an exploration of everyday actions and thoughts? Social psychology is concerned with explaining the deepest mysteries in human relationships and behavior.

Do you want unlimited and ad-free access?   

Other theories

Aristotle believed that humans are social beings by nature. This means a certain necessity to live together with others. However, Plato believed that the state controls the individual and encouraged social responsibility through a social context.

Hegel argued in the nineteenth century that a society is linked to the development of the social mind. This led to the concept of group identity and group spirit. These terms were and still are very important in the discipline of social psychology.

Gordon Allport supports thinking about social psychology today. He recognized that social behavior stems from interactions between people. He developed a methodological approach for social contact with his contact hypothesis.

In the 1930s, many Gestalt psychologists fled to the United States from Nazi Germany. They were then in the midst of the development of social psychology as a separate discipline of the dominant behavioral and psychoanalytic studies at the time.

Another example of a theory in which social psychology is discussed is the social identity theory of Henri Tajfel and John Turner from 1979. Erving Goffman is also a frequently recurring name in social psychology. Together with Robert Freed Bales, he is regarded as the founder of social interaction theory.

Amy Cuddy

June 16th, 2022

Amy Cuddy (Amy Joy Casselberry Cuddy; July 1972) is an American social psychologist, professor, and author. She is known for her research on body languages and she is famous for her TED talks. In addition, she is the second…

Virginia Satir

June 8th, 2022

Virginia Satir (June 26, 1916 – September 10, 1988) was an American psychotherapist and author. Virginia Satir is recognized as the pioneer of family therapy for her pioneering work in family reconstruction therapy. She is also known for developing the…

Social Identity Theory (SIT)

May 11th, 2022

Social Identity Theory: this article explains Social Identity Theory in a practical way. After reading you will understand the basics of this powerful psychology theory. What is Social Identity Theory? Social identity is the part of an individual’s self-image that…

Psychoanalysis

May 5th, 2022

Psychoanalysis: in this article you will find a practical explanation of psychoanalysis. After reading, you will understand the basics of this powerful psychology tool. What is Psychoanalysis? Psychoanalysis is a method of treating various mental disorders. Psychoanalysis is formed…

Tal Ben-Shahar’s Happiness Model

May 5th, 2022

Tal Ben-Shahar’s happiness model: this article explains Tal Ben-Shahar’s happiness model or hamburger model, in a practical way. After reading, you’ll understand the basics of this powerful psychology tool. What is Tal Ben-Shahar’s Happiness Model? The happiness model, also…

Two-Factor Theory of Emotion (Schachter and Singer)

May 4th, 2022

Two-factor Theory of Emotion by Schachter and Singer: this article explains the two-factor theory of emotion, developed by Stanley Schachter and Jerome E. Singer. The theory is also known as Schachter’s two-factor theory. After reading you will understand the basics…

Chris Argyris

April 14th, 2022

Chris Argyris (1923-2013) was a Professor Emeritus at Harvard Business School. His work with respect to thinking about relationships of people and organizations, learning organizations and action research is known and recognized throughout the world. Biography Chris Argyris Chris Argyris…

Social Defeat

March 28th, 2022

Social Defeat: in psychology, Social Defeat is a form of stress. It can be caused by bullying or other forms of abuse from peers, family members, or superiors in the workplace. It is just as damaging to one’s mental health…

Jean Piaget

March 21st, 2022

Jean Piaget (August 9, 1896 – September 16 1980) was a Swiss psychologist who gained fame for developing and publishing a systematic study of the developmental stages of children’s understanding. Jean Piaget is considered the most important figure within developmental…

Social Action Theory (Weber)

March 15th, 2022

Social Action Theory: in this article you will find a practical explanation of Max Weber’s Social Action Theory. After reading, you will understand the basic concepts of this sociological theory of human behaviour and how this behaviour influences the behaviour…

Émile Durkheim

March 15th, 2022

Émile Durkheim (April 15, 1858 – November 15, 1917) was a well-known French sociologist. He is considered the father of the modern social sciences. Émile Durkheim was officially the founder of the academic discipline of sociology and is often mentioned…
© Copyright 2013-2022 | Privacy | Toolshero.nl (Dutch)

RECEIVE NEW ARTICLES + FREE GIFT

 

Join 16.000+ members who get frequently toolshero community updates! Including a free gift, the Business Model You template

 


 


 


No, close this pop-up

GET YOUR FREE TOOLSHERO TEMPLATE!

 

Join 18.000+ subscribers who get our free updates
on new articles, templates and more!

 

Sign up below and receive our ‘Business Model You’ template free of charge, to get started with your development right away!

 

 


 


 


No, close this pop-up