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Project Activities

Project activities: this short article explains project activities in a practical way. Next to what it is, this article also highlights key concepts, methods and techniques, innovation and tips. Enjoy reading!

Project activities: this short article explains project activities in a practical way. Next to what it is, this article also highlights key concepts, methods and techniques, innovation and tips. Enjoy reading!

What are project activities?

They are individual actions that must be completed in order to bring a project to a successful conclusion. Each activity is performed in a specific project phase and consists of tasks and sub-tasks. Completing all these elements ensures that an activity can be marked as completed.

Project activities vary widely. They range from small things, like sending an email, to major activities, like building a prototype of a particular product. Testing is also an important project activity.

However small and unimportant some tasks may seem, it is important that all tasks are given the same care and attention. Completing activities drives the project towards the finish line.

Difference between activity and milestone

The difference between a project activity and a milestone is that an activity represents a stage in the project and a milestone is a specific point in the project where an important goal has been achieved. Milestones are important for measuring the progress of a project, identifying issues and barriers, and managing the project budget.

A project can therefore be structured hierarchically:

  1. Project
  2. Milestones
  3. Activities
  4. Tasks
  5. Sub-tasks

Planning of project activities

Identifying milestones, activities and tasks is a first step towards making a project successful. This phase is known as the project scope definition. In addition, it is important that all these things are planned. This is essential for a project to run smoothly.

There are a number of ways to define and plan project activities. The most popular are:

  1. Waterfall method
  2. Agile/Scrum
  3. Hybrid

Waterfall method

The waterfall method is a traditional approach to project management. It is a linear process and involves several successive stages in a very specific order. The stages usually include:

  • Project start
  • Planning
  • Implementation
  • Monitoring and guarding
  • Completion


In contrast to the waterfall method, agile/scrum is very flexible, so agile. It is designed to allow constant feedback and updates. It is very easy to make adjustments during the project and therefore this method is often preferred when it comes to projects where the end user
of a project is central.

The method is based on sprints. Sprints are fixed periods of two to four weeks during which the agile team completes specific tasks. At the end of each sprint, progress is assessed and points for improvement are identified, including by sharing the product with the end user.


The hybrid project approach is a combination of the waterfall method and agile/scrum. It is designed to combine the best elements of both methods. A hybrid approach to project management is typically used in larger projects that require a high degree of flexibility, but whose phases can largely be determined.

Once a structured plan has been established, the team switches to the agile/scrum approach. The sprints are used to complete tasks and activities.

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Project activities tips and tricks

The articles linked to this tag deal with different methods, techniques and theories that support the effective execution of project work. Are you still missing certain topics? Let us know in the comments or fill out the contact form.

Agile Method of Software Development

November 17th, 2023

Agile Method: This article explains the Agile Method in a practical way. Next to what it is (definition and origin), this article also highlights the Agile manifest and core values, the 12 principles, it’s relationship with Kanban, Scrum,…

Scrum Method explained

April 3rd, 2023

Scrum Method: this article explains the Scrum Method in a practical way. After reading you will understand the basics of this powerful software project management tool. This article also contains a downloadable and editable Scrum Sprint Goal template. What…
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