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Organizational Analysis (OA)

Organizational Analysis (OA): this short article explains Organizational Analysis (OA) in a practical way. Next to what it is, this article also highlights the OA models, tools and methods. Enjoy reading!

Organizational Analysis (OA): this short article explains Organizational Analysis (OA) in a practical way. Next to what it is, this article also highlights the OA models, tools and methods. Enjoy reading!

What is an Organizational Analysis?

Organizational Analysis (OA) is the process of assessing the development, employees, activities and environment of an organisation.

Conducting an Organisational Analysis is extremely important as it helps identify a company’s strengths and weaknesses. Once identified, appropriate action can be taken to resolve or prevent problems.

The main focus of OA is on the assessment of the structure and design of an organisation, as well as its positioning and the efficiency with which the organisation operates.

As many internal and external factors as possible are taken into account during the assessment. The use of theoretical models can help organise the information that is obtained during an organisational analysis.

It also helps to discern correlations and root causes in this vast amount of information.

Organizational analysis models

There are several popular OA models and theories. The SWOT model is the most well known. The SWOT model evaluates the strengths, weaknesses, possibilities and threats within organisations.

The McKinsey 7S Model is often used as well. This model focusses on balancing the seven most important characteristics of a company, unit or project. Frederick Taylor developed the rational model. His standpoint was that organisations had to be as efficient and mechanical as possible. The principles he derived from his research were of great importance to many companies, such as for, example, the Ford Motor Company.

Socio-technical models view companies from an infrastructural perspective. The key factor in this are the company’s surroundings. Other examples of organizational analysis models are:

Organizational analysis tools and methods

Besides the OA models mentioned above, there are also some tools and frameworks which organisations can use to support the analysis. A good example of this is the PESTLE model. This tool is a technique and framework for assessing the various external influences on a company or situation. Porter’s Five Forces is a framework used to analyse the five main factors that influence competition.

Organizational Network Analysis (ONA) is a method used to study communication within an organisation and to reveal an invisible pattern of information flows and collaborations. This method is applied by mapping out the relationships between people, tasks, knowledge and resources of entire organisational systems.

Afterwards, the data produced during the process is analysed with special software to discover relationships, clusters and other actors.

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Organizational analysis tips & tricks

The articles linked to the organizational analysis tag are about various methods, techniques, models and frameworks which support the analysis. How can I use organisational analysis methods in my own company? How do I use the SWOT model in practice? Which theories and methods are still relevant in today’s business environment?

Richard Pascale biography, quotes and books

May 28th, 2024

Richard Pascale (1938) is a leading business consultant worldwide, author and a respected lecturer / professor. Richard Pascale owes his fame to his contribution to the 7S framework when he was working at McKinsey & Company management consultancy. Biography Richard…

Scientific Management Theory and Taylorism

May 22nd, 2024

Scientific Management Theory: this article explains practically Scientific Management theory, also called Taylorism by Frederick Taylor. The principles of scientific management are the underlying factors for successful production and quality management. This article covers the history, definition…

Congruence Model (Nadler and Tushman)

May 2nd, 2024

Congruence Model for Organization Analysis: this article provides a practical explanation of the Congruence Model, developed by David A. Nadler and M.L. Tushman. Next to what it is, this article highlights also the organisation as an interacting whole…

Organizational Network Analysis (ONA)

April 22nd, 2024

Organizational Network Analysis (ONA): this article provides a practical explanation of Organizational Network Analysis (ONA). Next to what it is, this article also highlights an Organizational Network Analysis example, the topic network structure versus hierarchy structure, the use within a…

Weisbord Six Box Model for Organizational Diagnosis

November 11th, 2023

Weisbord Six Box Model: this article provides a practical explanation of the Weisbord Six Box Model, developed by Marvin Weisbord. Next to what it is, this article also highlights the necessity of organisational diagnoses, the six research areas…
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