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Organizational Analysis (OA)

What is an Organizational Analysis?

Organizational Analysis (OA) is the process of assessing the development, employees, activities and environment of an organisation.

What is an Organizational Analysis?

Organizational Analysis (OA) is the process of assessing the development, employees, activities and environment of an organisation.

Conducting an Organisational Analysis is extremely important as it helps identify a company’s strengths and weaknesses. Once identified, appropriate action can be taken to resolve or prevent problems.

The main focus of OA is on the assessment of the structure and design of an organisation, as well as its positioning and the efficiency with which the organisation operates.

As many internal and external factors as possible are taken into account during the assessment. The use of theoretical models can help organise the information that is obtained during an organisational analysis.

It also helps to discern correlations and root causes in this vast amount of information.

Organizational analysis models

There are several popular OA models and theories. The SWOT model is the most well known. The SWOT model evaluates the strengths, weaknesses, possibilities and threats within organisations.

The McKinsey 7S Model is often used as well. This model focusses on balancing the seven most important characteristics of a company, unit or project. Frederick Taylor developed the rational model. His standpoint was that organisations had to be as efficient and mechanical as possible. The principles he derived from his research were of great importance to many companies, such as for, example, the Ford Motor Company.

Socio-technical models view companies from an infrastructural perspective. The key factor in this are the company’s surroundings. Other examples of organizational analysis models are:

Organizational analysis tools and methods

Besides the OA models mentioned above, there are also some tools and frameworks which organisations can use to support the analysis. A good example of this is the PESTLE model. This tool is a technique and framework for assessing the various external influences on a company or situation. Porter’s Five Forces is a framework used to analyse the five main factors that influence competition.

Organizational Network Analysis (ONA) is a method used to study communication within an organisation and to reveal an invisible pattern of information flows and collaborations. This method is applied by mapping out the relationships between people, tasks, knowledge and resources of entire organisational systems.

Afterwards, the data produced during the process is analysed with special software to discover relationships, clusters and other actors.

Organizational analysis tips & tricks

The articles linked to the organizational analysis tag are about various methods, techniques, models and frameworks which support the analysis. How can I use organisational analysis methods in my own company? How do I use the SWOT model in practice? Which theories and methods are still relevant in today’s business environment?

Organizational Network Analysis (ONA)

March 1st, 2021

This article provides a practical explanation of Organizational Network Analysis (ONA). After reading, you’ll understand the basics of this powerful communication tool. What is Organizational Network Analysis (ONA)? Organizational Network Analysis (ONA) is a structured method to identify and investigate…

Social Network Analysis

December 13th, 2018

This article explains the Social Network Analysis in a practical way. After reading it, you will understand the basics of this useful social network strategy. What is a Social Network Analysis? Social Network Analysis (SNA) is the mapping and…

Strategic Triangle (3C’s)

February 17th, 2015

This article explains the Strategic Triangle by Kenichi Ohmae in a practical way. After reading you will understand the basics of this powerful strategy and competitive advantage tool. What is the Strategic Triangle (3C’s)? The Strategic Triangle of Kenichi Ohmae

SWOT Analysis

November 15th, 2013

This article explains the SWOT Analysis in a practical way, including an example and template. After reading you will understand the basics of this powerful strategy tool. This article also contains a downloadable and editable SWOT Analysis template. What is…

McKinsey 7S Framework

October 18th, 2013

This article explains practically the McKinsey 7S Framework which was developed by former McKinsey employees. After reading this article you will understand the basics of this powerful and effective management tool. What is the McKinsey 7S Framework? In order…
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