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Cognitive Psychology

Cognitive Psychology: this short article explains Cognitive Psychology in a practical way. Next to what it is, this article also highlights famous theories, an example and tips. Enjoy reading!

Cognitive Psychology: this short article explains Cognitive Psychology in a practical way. Next to what it is, this article also highlights famous theories, an example and tips. Enjoy reading!

What is Cognitive Psychology?


Cognitive Psychology is about the study of mental processes such as thinking, perception, memory, language, problem solving and learning. It is a relatively young part of psychology, but has quickly become one of the most popular areas within the profession.

Learning how people think and how they process information not only identifies how the human brain works, but allows psychologists to discover new ways to help people cope with a variety of psychological problems. An example of a method used to explain memory is the Modal Model of Memory by Atkinson and Shiffrin.

What is cognition?

The term cognition encompasses all processes by which sensory input is processed, stored, reduced, transformed and used. Given this comprehensive definition, it is acceptable that cognitive psychology is involved in everything a human does.

Famous Theories

This type of Psychology has its origins in the 1960s. Its rise was the result of a change in the way behaviorism was perceived. In the 1920s to 1950s, scientists in this branch claimed that unobservable mental processes do not fall within the domain of empirical science. This idea was stepped away from when researchers from different fields and applied psychology used models of mental processing to explain human behavior. The founder of the domain is Jean Piaget, known for his work on the development of children. He elaborated on the work of other psychologists such as Max Wertheimer, who proposed the Gestalt theory in the early twentieth century.

Related to cognition are topics such as social identity theory, chunking, mindfulness, cognitive behavioral therapy, cognitive restructuring and breathing techniques.

Example of cognitive psychology

Cognitive psychology involves the study of the mind and how people think. Examples of things studied in this field are attention span, memory, reasoning and other functions and actions of the brain that are seen as a complex mental process.

The concept of learning itself is also an example of cognition. This is about the way in which the brain makes connections while remembering what is learned. The ability to reason logically is an excellent example of cognition, problem solving and making judgments about information. Metacognition is about the knowledge and skills that enable someone to think about their own thinking. Metacognition is knowing about knowing and thinking about thinking.

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Cognitive Psychology tips & tricks

What are the most popular methods and theories of cognitive psychology? How can I use this knowledge to train my own cognitive skills? How can these skills help me in the workplace? The articles related to cognitive psychology deal with the different methods and studies of human cognitive functions and behavior.

Amos Tversky biography and books

August 22nd, 2023

Amos Tversky (Amos Nathan Tversky: March 16, 1937 – June 2, 1996) was an Israeli psychologist and one of the most influential figures in the discovery of systematic human cognitive bias and the handling of risk. In addition to revolutionizing…

Schema Therapy explained

August 22nd, 2023

Schema Therapy: this article explains Schema Therapy, developed by Jeffrey Young in a practical way. Next to what it is, this article also highlights what schemas are, the basic emotional needs, coping styles and why is schema therapy needed. After…

Dunning Kruger Effect explained

August 22nd, 2023

Dunning Kruger effect: This article explains the Dunning Kruger effect in a practical way. After reading it, you will understand the basics of this powerful psychology tool. What is the Dunning Kruger effect? The explanation The Dunning Kruger effect is…

David Premack biography and theory

August 21st, 2023

David Premack (October 26, 1925 – June 11, 2015) was an American psychologist and professor at the University of Pennsylvania, United States. His contributions to the field of psychology have increased human understanding and knowledge about cognition and behavior. David

Applied Behaviour Analysis explained

August 21st, 2023

Applied Behaviour Analysis: this article explains Applied Behaviour Analysis (ABA) in a practical way. Next to what it is (definition), this article also highlights the theory as therapy in skill enhancement, the background, the Characteristics, the environment as a fundamental…

5G model explained

August 16th, 2023

5G Model: This article explains the 5G model in a practical way. Next to what it is, this article also higlights why it is important to analyze our own behavior, the five G’s explained and a pratical example. After reading…
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