Henry Gantt (1861 – 1919) was an American engineer and famous management consultant. He was best known for his planning methodology, the Gantt Chart. This methodology helped him realize major infrastructure projects including the construction of the Hoover Dam in the United States.
Biography Henry Gantt
Henry Gantt graduated with a Bachelor’s degree (AB) from McDonogh School (United States) in 1878. Then he went on to the Stevens Institute of Technology (New Jersey, United States) to obtain his Master’s degree in Engineering (ME). After obtaining this degree Gantt worked as a teacher until 1887.
From 1887 Henry Gantt chose a new challenge and joined Midvale Steel Company in Philadelphia, United States. His manager Frederick Taylor involved Gantt in a number of large infrastructure projects. Together with Taylor, he applied different scientific management principles in order to implement these projects successfully.
Henry Gantt worked for Midvale Steel Company until 1893.
He continued his career as a management consultant and developed his famous planning methodology. He also developed a task and bonus system of wage payment and measurement instruments to provide an insight to worker efficiency and productivity.
In 1916, inspired by Thorsten Veblen, Gantt set up a trade association that was aimed at the development of industrial efficiency within political processes. In addition, he called into question the industrial system under control of managers and Polakov’s analysis of inefficiency within the industrial sector.
Publications and books by Henry Gantt et al.
- 1919. Organizing for Work, Harcourt, Brace, and Howe, New York.
- 1916. Work, Wages, and Profits, second edition, Engineering Magazine Co., New York.
- 1916. Industrial leadership. Yale University Press.
- 1903. A graphical daily balance in manufacture, Transactions of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Volume XXIV, pages 1322–1336.
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