In this article Group Dynamics is explained in a practical way. After reading this article you will understand the basics of team building and group dynamics.
What are Group Dynamics?
The social process by which people interact and behave in a group environment is called Group Dynamics. Group Dynamics involves the influence of personality, power, and behaviour on the group.
The fact that a team is able to achieve more than an individual alone is no unknown. Traditionally, there are many benefits to cooperation. No matter how brilliant, no one can do anything alone. Successfully working together in a team, however, does not happen automatically and one may be confronted with considerable barriers. These barriers do not necessarily have to form an obstacle for the team if they are adequately responded to.
The popularity and effectiveness of group development is evident from the number of studies that have been done into development in a team formation process. Chuck Kormanski and Andrew Mozenter integrated the different theories, including the group dynamics model of Tuckman, in the model they published in 1987.
Five phases of Group Dynamics
Just as in the personal development of a person, the process of team formation and development also has different phases. Kormanski and Mozenter identified five phases in the process, each with a task outcome and a relationship outcome. The task outcome describes what effect the relevant phase has on the task of the team.
The relationship outcome describes what effect the same phase has on the relationship between team members. They then gave each phase with different outcomes an overarching theme. The phases are sequential, which means that each phase is followed by the first subsequent phase.
In this phase, the team members get to know each other and set the goals for the team. If everyone is aware of the intended results, this ensures that they are all aligned and that they are committed to each other and the goal.
This phase is important, no less than the next, because here one realizes that a common goal will be worked on. Everyone has different qualities and knowledge and therefore discovering everyone's qualities and taking advantage of them is an important part of this phase of the model. Building trust between team members also begins in this first phase.
Whereas in the first phase the team members became better acquainted with each other and the common goals, the...
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